WINE ON VESUVIO
Mount Somma and Vesuvio is a system of exceptional environmental, landscape, historical-cultural, natural and agricultural value.
It includes highly differentiated soils which have been formed from pyroclastic deposits (lapillus falling or lava flows), or from volcanoclastic deposits that have been re-settled locally due to un-organised surface water and the channeled outflow.
The unique peculiarity of Vesuvian wines, indeed, lays in the exceptional nature of volcanic land, which has different layers because of the multiple eruptions.
Its lands are composed by black sands and lapilli which deposited during ages. Every eruption led different minerals to settle down: potassium, iron, phosphorus, silica.
As on Etna, vines are highly stressed.
Lava’s residues, ash and lapilli of different dimensions makes the surface water circulation system very scarce and limited.
As on Etna, this soil is a disadvantageous environment for
parasites, particularly for phylloxera, allowing farmers to grow vines ungrafted.
The southern portion of the complex essentially includes the Vesuvian cone and represents the area of more recent formation and morphogenesis.
The frequent eruptions of recent medieval and historical periods have operated a continuous renewal of the topographic surface not allowing, among other things, the development of a complete soil. These soils present a profile with moderately expressed antic properties, linked to the activity of primary volcanic glass materials; calcareous soils, on pyroclastic deposits containing calcium carbonate; raw mineral soils on deposits of lapilli and ash from the 1944 eruption.
The area is affected by a temperate Mediterranean climate, with winters that are not too cold, precipitation of 550 mm per year, concentrated in spring and autumn, with the presence of summer periods with prolonged drought. Snowfall is generally limited to altitudes above 1,000 meters and has a short duration.
High relative humidity, which in the summer months can exceed 65%, compensates for the water deficit by causing the formation of abundant dews.
VINES OF RED-GRAPES:
- SCIASCINOSO (OLIVELLA)
VINES OF WHITE-GRAPE
- CODA DI VOLPE
- GRECO DI TUFO
The DOC (Denomination of controlled origin) for the Vesuvian wines was established in 1983.
Under the Vesuvio DOC are the following denominations:
- Vesuvio Bianco
- Vesuvio Rosso
- Vesuvio Rosato
- Lacryma Christi Bianco
- Lacryma Christi Rosso
- Lacryma Christi Rosato
- Lacryma Christi Liquoroso
VESUVIO NORTH SIDE