WINE ON ETNA
The vineyards of Etna grow on sandy soils of volcanic origin, rich in skeletal.
By skeletal we mean the grading class with dimensions greater than 2 mm.
The main properties related to the skeletal are the following:
- Poor porosity largely consisting of macro-porosity.
- Limited storage capacity and low water withholding capacity.
- Very low matrix voltage.
- High permeability and ease of water movement, with a tendency to rapid draining.
- Absent cohesion and adhesion.
- Softness and compactness closely linked to the size of the skeleton.
- High bearing capacity.
- Rapid wear and tear of the working bodies and difficulty in carrying out various cultivation operations.
Water on this type of soil runs down, stressing the plants to work in low water conditions. Making the wine very powerful and elegant.
This type of soil has been preserving the vines from the massive destruction of Phylloxera virus in the end of XIX century. The sand has indeed, stopped the bacteria proliferation.
This is why on Etna most of the vines are more than 100 years old
Vineyards arrive up to 1200mt. above the sea level.
This wine-growing district was also known to the civilisations of the past, given the ancient origins of viticulture in the area.
This is reported by the poet Theocritus in the third century BC. Further confirmed by some coins of the fifth century BC come up to us.
VINES OF RED-GRAPES:
- NERELLO MASCALESE
- NERELLO CAPPUCCIO
- MINNELLA NERA
VINES OF WHITE-GRAPE
Etna was the first denomination of controlled origin to obtain the recognition of the denomination of origin, the Doc Etna. It was recognized with Presidential Decree of 08.11.1968 published in the Official Journal of 09/25/1968.
Furthermore, the regulations have remained intact since the year of its preparation, maintaining the prediction of the volcano's autochthonous vines unchanged, for the production of Etna doc in its types Rosso, Rosato, Bianco and Bianco Superiore.
The area of production of the denomination of origin involves part of the territory of the municipalities of Aci, Sant'Antonio, Acireale, Belpasso, Biancavilla, Castiglione di Sicilia, Giarre, Linguaglossa, Mascali, Milo, Nicolosi, Paternò, Pedara, Piedimonte Etneo, Randazzo , Sant'Alfio, Santa Maria di Licodia, Santa Venerina, Trecastagni, Viagrande and Zafferana Etnea, on the slopes of Etna, in the province of Catania
ETNA NORTH SIDE
CASTIGLIONE DI SICILIA,
ETNA NORTH SIDE